The Latin American Experience with the COVID-19 Pandemic

The Latin American Experience with the COVID-19 Pandemic

Soriano Sánchez José Antonio, Romero Rangel José Alberto Israel, Andres M Rubiano .


The first clinical case of COVID-19 was reported in Wuhan, China, on December 8th, 2019, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) [1,2]. The Brazilian Ministry of Health confirmed the first case in Latin America on February 26th, 2020, a 61 years old man from Sao Paulo, who had recently returned from Italy [3,4]. He presented clinically with a dry cough, fever, sore throat, and nasal secretion; the test for COVID-19 was positive. After the announcement, the Brazilian stock market fell 5% [5], showing the immediate effect that the epidemic event can produce, in both the health and the economy of countries. In the next few days, the entire world witnessed the rapid spread of this infectious disease whose causative agent was identified as a SARS-2 coronavirus. In February also, the first case of COVID-19 was diagnosed in Mexico in a 35 years old male arriving from Italy. On March 6th the first case was diagnosed in Colombia in a 61 years old female arriving from Milano, Italy.

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